All about transport

All about transport

Activity

Materials Needed

 

 Introductory Activity

 

  • Transport sorting printable
  • Toy vehicles that you may have at home (optional)

 

 

 Focused Activity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Bonus Challenge I

 

  • Water table
  • Plastic toy boats
  • Blue food coloring
  • Sponge
  • Scissors
  • Wooden skewers/drinking straws
  • Small paper rectangles for the boat sails
  • Pictures of boats (available for download)
  • Float or sink experiment observation sheet (available for download)
  • Pencil
  • Eraser
  • Items found around the house which float in water (e.g. sponge, plastic cap, post-it paper, cork, balloon)
  • Items found around the house which sink in water (e.g. coin, eraser, pencil, paper clip)
  • Float and sink word cards (available for download)

 

 

 Bonus Challenge II

 

 

 

 

 Sensory Play

 

 

 

  • Beans mix (mixture of any beans you have e.g. red beans, green beans, soy beans etc)
  • Toy vehicles you may have at home
  • Empty container or bin
  • Paper rolls to form tunnels
  • Any human figurines to be commuters or pedestrians

 

Introduction : Transport

Objectives 

  1. Explore and discover the various types of transport vehicles

  2. Identify the various transport vehicles

  3. Sort the transport vehicles into their corresponding categories: land, air and sea transport

 

Materials Needed

 

Directions

Prep:

  • Print and cut out the transport sorting printable

  • Place all vehicle cards in a container or small basket

  • Optional: Place toy vehicles in a basket or on a tray

 

Activity:

  • Lay out the three transport categories and the basket of vehicle cards on your chosen work surface

  • From the basket, pick one vehicle card at a time and invite child to sort the vehicles according to their corresponding groups: land transport, air transport or sea transport

    • When picking out the card, prompt child to name the transport vehicle on the card

    • Discuss which category he/she thinks it belongs to

    • Recall past experiences of traveling on a particular transport vehicle

 

 

Focused Activity: Create a Giant Road Map (Land Transport)

Objectives

1. Identify road hazards and common road signs.

2. Use vocabulary associated with traffic: pedestrian, street, traffic light, stop sign, cross, drive, wait etc.

 

Materials Needed

 

Directions

Prep:

  • Parent will make a giant map of roads, paths and pavements out of colored paper stuck together or colored tapes or with the imaginary roads template provided (you may print out multiple copies of these as you wish). Include features that we have in our local area, like crossings or park.

 

Activity:

  • Children will help to cut and stick pictures of vehicles, people and pets out of old magazines/newspapers or use the road features template provided.

  • Stick the pictures in the right places on the giant road (vehicles on road, people on pavement, pets in park).

 

Bonus Challenge I: Float or Sink (Water Transport)

Objectives

1. Compare and classify items according to their characteristics (i.e. float or sink).

2. Conduct simple investigations to find out why some objects float/sink and how they work.

3. Make predictions of outcomes with simple reasoning.

4. Make simple recordings of observations through drawing or writing.

5. Participate in discussions about items that float and sink

 

Materials Needed

  • Water table

  • Plastic toy boats

  • Blue food coloring

  • Sponge

  • Scissors

  • Wooden skewers/drinking straws

  • Small paper rectangles for the boat sails

  • Pictures of boats (available for download)

  • Float or sink experiment observation sheet (available for download)

  • Pencil

  • Eraser

  • Items found around the house which float in water (e.g. sponge, plastic cap, post-it paper, cork, balloon)

  • Items found around the house which sink in water (e.g. coin, eraser, pencil, paper clip)

  • Float and sink word cards (available for download)

 

Directions

Prep:

  • Display pictures of different types of boats on a wall (e.g. sailboats, fishing boats, canoes, cruise ships etc.) at your child’s eye level.

  • Similarly, if you have plastic boats at home, you may deposit them in the water table and let your child manipulate them as a way of introducing them to the world of water transportation.

 

Activity:

  • You will need a large container filled with water. Add a few drops of blue food coloring to the water.

  • Set little boats and items that will float as well as objects that will sink next to the water table.

  • If you lack plastic toy boats at home, you may make your own out of recycled materials:

    • Sponge, wooden skewers/drinking straws, small paper rectangles for the sail mast

  • To make your own recycled boat, start by cutting your sponge into any shape that you want.

  • Then, cut your straws/skewers to the desired mast length.

  • Next, use the skewer to poke through the top and bottom of the sail and thread it through. If you are using a drinking straw, you can punch the holes with a hole punch.

  • Once done, set them sailing in the water table.

  • Ask your child to brainstorm on what it means:

    • “to sink” - what sinks, why does it sink?

    • “to float” - what floats, why does it float?

    • you may use the float and sink word cards so children will get a clearer understanding of the concept

  • Conduct a short prediction and observation based on the objects provided and have your child record his/her findings in the observation sheet provided. You may print multiple copies of the sheet to observe more items under investigation.

 

Bonus Challenge II: Fly or Can't Fly (Air Transport)

Objectives

1. Create movement using imagination in response to music.

2. Follow verbal instructions that involve a series of actions.

3. Understand that verbal cues convey meaning in a game of “Simon Says”.

4. Demonstrate an understanding of positional concepts (i.e. next, over, under)

 

Materials Needed

 

Directions

Prep:

  • Demonstrate to your child how you would make a paper airplane (refer to instructions provided).

 

Activity:

  • Play a game of “Simon Says” and give your child commands, such as

    • “Stand next to your airplane”

    • “Jump over your airplane”

    • “Crawl under the airplane”

  • Next, have your child pretend to “fly” around the room. Name things that can fly and things that can’t fly (e.g. planes, butterflies, birds, boats, cows etc).

  • Whenever your child hears the name of something that can’t fly, have him/her slow down and gently “land” on the ground.

  • Extension: End off by playing an airplane song “I’m a Little Airplane”(refer to link provided). Your child may choose to couple it with actions at relevant parts of the song.

 

 

Sensory Play : Day and Night Sensory Bin

Objectives

  1. Sort materials according to whether they belong in the day or at night

  2. Demonstrate understanding of time i.e. how the day shifts into the night

  3. Understand daily routine i.e. specific activities are done at specific times of the day

 

Materials Needed

  • A large empty container

  • Cup, bowls or any small interesting containers for collecting items within the sensory bin

  • Spoons, ladles or chopsticks

  • Funnel

  • Some people figurines/dolls

  • Some animal figurines

  • Pom pom balls (optional)

  • Time-telling app: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.GalanteLabs.CuriousKidClockPlayTime

Night-side:

Day-side:

  • Undyed pasta

  • Sun card from Bonus Challenge 2

  • Cotton balls

 

Directions

Prep:

  • Pour black beans into one side of the container. This will be night-side sensory area

  • Then pour undyed pasta into the other side of the container. This will be the day-side sensory area

  • Fold the long narrow paper strips into as many stars as you want (see instructions in the video)

  • Place items from the materials list on a tray for child to access during the activity

 

Activity 1:

  • Introduce the day side and the night side of the sensory bin to your child

  • Prompt child to place items from the tray into the sensory bin according to whether they belong in the day or at night

    • Dolls/human figurines or animal figurines are flexible enough to be placed at either side of the sensory bin as long as child is able to demonstrate why they are placed at certain sides of the bin

    • Prompt child to demonstrate what he/she/it might be doing in the day or at night

    • For example, child picks up a cat figurine and places it in the day, ask child "What is the cat doing in the day" etc. If the cat figurine is placed in the night-side, ask "What do you think cats do at night?"

    • Allow for these items to cross sides to demonstrate the day shifting into the night or vice versa for e.g. the cat can cross into night time: “It’s night time now and the cat is tired so it is going to sleep now.”

Activity 2:

  • Download the time-telling app onto your phone using the link provided

  • Click on the ‘Test’ tab and play it together with your child

    • To set the clock, move your finger in circular motions around the clock face

    • After moving the clock hands to show the stated time, the app displays a specific activity done during that time

    • Prompt child to demonstrate the action by using the materials in the sensory bin

    • Continue playing for a few rounds

  • At the end of the activity, check for understanding by asking these questions:

    • Do we do anything at any time of the day?

    • Remind child about his/her own daily routine by asking: What do we do at 12pm? When is nap time? etc.

  • Note: It’s easy to get glued to the screen for long periods of time. Set an alarm for 15 minutes to ensure screen time for your children is limited and kept under control