Day and night

Day and night

Activity

Materials Needed

 

 Introductory Activity

 

 

 

 Focused Activity

 

 

 

 

 

  • Flashlight
  • Large styrofoam ball
  • Bue and green tempera paint
  • Gold star sticker
  • Paint brushes
  • Wooden craft dowel/skewer

 

 

 Bonus Challenge I

 

  • Black items found around the house
  • White items found around the house
  • Black bowl (for sorting)
  • White bowl (for sorting)
  • Black and white sorting mats (available for download)
  • Black paper
  • White paint
  • Paint palette
  • Marble/golf ball
  • Shoe box/tray (with edges)
  • Spoon

 

 

 Bonus Challenge II

 

 

 

 

 Sensory Play

 

 

 

Night-side

Day-side

  • Undyed pasta
  • Sun card from Bonus Challenge 2
  • Cotton balls

 

Introduction : Day and Night

Objectives 

  1. Understand that things may look differently in the day and at night

  2. Understand that individual letters come together to form a word

  3. Recognise beginning sounds ‘d’ from day and ‘n’ from night

 

Materials Needed

 

Directions

Prep:

  • Print out day & night printable

 

Activity 1:

  • Choose a window at home that overlooks an area

  • Together with your child, observe from the window any time during the day

    • Discuss what you see and hear, what people may be doing out in the day etc.

    • You may wish to annotate the discussion on the annotation sheet provided for comparison later on

    • Annotations can be supplemented with drawings

  • Then at night, observe from the same window again

    • Discuss what you see and hear, what people may be doing out in the day etc.

    • You may wish to annotate the discussion on the annotation sheet provided for comparison

    • Annotations can be supplemented with drawings

  • The next day, go over the annotation sheet with your child and have him/her recall what was observed during the day and at night

    • Flesh out the differences between what happens in the day and what happens at night e.g. people travelling in the bus in the day could mean people going to work and people travelling in the bus at night could mean people going back home

 

Activity 2:

  • Complete the Day & Night printable

  • For each pair of photos:

    • Identify which photo is during the day and which photo is at night

    • Then colour the corresponding answer

    • Spell out the different letters that come together to form the word ‘day’ and ‘night’

    • Demonstrate the beginning sound for ‘d’ and ‘n’

 

 

Focused Activity I: What makes Day and Night?

Objectives 

  1. Use adverbs to describe rotations of the Earth (e.g. quickly, slowly).

  2. Use nouns to refer to ideas and concepts.

  3. Take turns with others.

  4. Be aware of patterns and changes that occur in the environment (e.g. day and night).

 

Material Needed

  • Flashlight

  • Large styrofoam ball

  • Bue and green tempera paint

  • Gold star sticker

  • Paint brushes

  • Wooden craft dowel/skewer

 

Directions

Prep:

  • Find out what your child currently knows about day and night.

  • Ask questions about what happens during day and night, and what makes them different.

 

Activity:

  • Poke the wooden craft dowel/skewer into the styrofoam ball and proclaim that the Earth turns.

  • Paint the styrofoam ball (note that this is not an accurate representation of our planet, but you may paint them blue to represent oceans and green for land). While you are at it, add a gold star sticker to represent where we are on the planet.

  • Turn on the flashlight representing the sun and shine some light on the styrofoam ball (the sun shines on the Earth).

  • Watch the gold star move from being bathed in the light of the ‘sun’ to being in darkness as the Earth turned.

  • Take turns being the Earth and the sun, announcing the coming of morning and night with each rotation of the Earth.

 

Bonus Challenge: Learning about Opposites

Objectives

  1. Represent the concept of day and night through artworks.

  2. Sort objects by one attribute (i.e. color).

 

Materials Needed 

  • Black items found around the house

  • White items found around the house

  • Black bowl (for sorting)

  • White bowl (for sorting)

  • Black and white sorting mats (available for download)

  • Black paper

  • White paint

  • Paint palette

  • Marble/golf ball

  • Shoe box/tray (with edges)

  • Spoon

 

Directions

Prep:

  • Find items around the house that are black and white.

  • Sort them into black and white bowls.

  • Alternatively, you may use the sorting mats available for download and place the black and white items you have found around the house onto the sorting mats respectively.

 

Activity:

  • Roll out white paint onto paint palette.

  • Place paper into shoebox/tray with edges.

  • Place marble/golf ball into white paint and cover them fully with paint.

  • Spoon the marble/golf ball into the shoebox/tray.

  • Tip the shoebox/tray back and forth to move the marble/golf ball around. Noticing the paint’s tracks is so much fun!

  • Extension: change up the activity by using black paint on white paper instead. You may wish to introduce your child to a variety of tools used for art such as roller, sponge or paint brush.

 

 

Bonus Challenge II: Nocturnal & Diurnal Animals 

Objectives

  1. Sort animals according to nocturnal and diurnal creatures.

  2. Listen for a sustained period of time when a book is being read aloud.

 

Materials Needed

 

Directions

Prep:

  • Read a book about nocturnal animals, such as "Good Night Gorilla" by Peggy Rathmann or any book about bats, raccoons, owls or foxes would also be appropriate.

  • Print out pictures of both nocturnal and diurnal animals animals.

  • Print the day and night downloadable.

 

Activity:

  • Have your child separate the animals based on when the animals are awake and active.

  • Optional: use Velcro circles to move the animals around on the chart.

  • Extension: Create a scavenger hunt for your child around the house using items that are associated with morning routines and nighttime routines. Use empty boxes of cereal, a photo of a school bus, a sunrise and birds to represent morning. Hide new toothbrushes or photos, pictures of bathtubs or tub toys, pillows, and pictures of nocturnal animals to represent night. Alternatively, you may use the pictures of night time and morning time (available for download) to hide around your house. Once collected, have your child sort them onto the day and night downloadable accordingly.

 

 

Sensory Play : Day and Night Sensory Bin

Objectives

  1. Sort materials according to whether they belong in the day or at night

  2. Demonstrate understanding of time i.e. how the day shifts into the night

  3. Understand daily routine i.e. specific activities are done at specific times of the day

 

Materials Needed

  • A large empty container

  • Cup, bowls or any small interesting containers for collecting items within the sensory bin

  • Spoons, ladles or chopsticks

  • Funnel

  • Some people figurines/dolls

  • Some animal figurines

  • Pom pom balls (optional)

  • Time-telling app: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.GalanteLabs.CuriousKidClockPlayTime

Night-side:

Day-side:

  • Undyed pasta

  • Sun card from Bonus Challenge 2

  • Cotton balls

 

Directions

Prep:

  • Pour black beans into one side of the container. This will be night-side sensory area

  • Then pour undyed pasta into the other side of the container. This will be the day-side sensory area

  • Fold the long narrow paper strips into as many stars as you want (see instructions in the video)

  • Place items from the materials list on a tray for child to access during the activity

 

Activity 1:

  • Introduce the day side and the night side of the sensory bin to your child

  • Prompt child to place items from the tray into the sensory bin according to whether they belong in the day or at night

    • Dolls/human figurines or animal figurines are flexible enough to be placed at either side of the sensory bin as long as child is able to demonstrate why they are placed at certain sides of the bin

    • Prompt child to demonstrate what he/she/it might be doing in the day or at night

    • For example, child picks up a cat figurine and places it in the day, ask child "What is the cat doing in the day" etc. If the cat figurine is placed in the night-side, ask "What do you think cats do at night?"

    • Allow for these items to cross sides to demonstrate the day shifting into the night or vice versa for e.g. the cat can cross into night time: “It’s night time now and the cat is tired so it is going to sleep now.”

Activity 2:

  • Download the time-telling app onto your phone using the link provided

  • Click on the ‘Test’ tab and play it together with your child

    • To set the clock, move your finger in circular motions around the clock face

    • After moving the clock hands to show the stated time, the app displays a specific activity done during that time

    • Prompt child to demonstrate the action by using the materials in the sensory bin

    • Continue playing for a few rounds

  • At the end of the activity, check for understanding by asking these questions:

    • Do we do anything at any time of the day?

    • Remind child about his/her own daily routine by asking: What do we do at 12pm? When is nap time? etc.

  • Note: It’s easy to get glued to the screen for long periods of time. Set an alarm for 15 minutes to ensure screen time for your children is limited and kept under control